Once the tree is established, you can water it once a week, or when the top two to three inches of soil dry out. This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. Hosui Asian Pear. Juicy or crunchy (depending on the variety and maturity), honey-sweet yet not overpowering, mature Asian pears can be enjoyed right away when you pick them. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. in the Japanese culture. As with most fruit, production will peak if the plant is in full sun and situated in well-draining soil. Will grow in zones 5-9a. Deciduous tree. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. For best results, you will need to plant two varieties that bloom at the same time for pollination. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. You'll love the high quality harvest from your very own tree. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. problems can be minimized or even avoided. The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. Trees reach mature dimensions of 12 to 18-feet-tall with a spread of 12 to 15 feet. Fruit Asian Pear 20th Century 20th Century Asian Pear. If you think it’s almost picking time but you’re not sure, take one pear off the tree and bite into it. Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. You get the idea: this is a large, extra-juicy cultivar. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. Its popularity was at its peak in extent, planting two more compatible varieties nearby can help increase It may take some time to enjoy the juicy pears, but As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. They'll make a fabulous, energetic hedgerow. Take it far away to be burned or dispose of it in the trash. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. There’s one major disease that threatens the health of your P. pyrifolia plants. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. We’ll cover both planting methods to make it easy for you to choose which is best for your garden. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. 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China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. The Asian pear tree not only produces an abundance of delicious fruit, but it’s also aesthetically pleasing without taking up too much space. Keeps well. But they all have that delicious and enduring crunch that Bartletts can only dream of and that some of us prefer over the texture of a European pear. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. Pack your bounty in a padded bucket until you decide what to do with them, as they bruise very easily. You can also dry slices in the oven. By far the most dreadful disease an Asian pear tree can face, fire blight, caused by the bacteria Erwinia amylovora, destroys any existing fruit and turns leaves to a burnt-crisp color and texture, hence the name. If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. Place them in the chiller compartment of your refrigerator. Just remember to eat them within six months. The site should receive at least eight hours of full sun every day in Zones 5-7. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. Originates from Korea in 1969. generation. Because grafting takes skill and special equipment, the best way to plant an Asian pear tree is to purchase two varieties from a nursery or gardening store and find a perfect area to plant them together. That should work well. More specifically, they’re native to western China, and long ago naturalized in south and central Japan. exact parentage was, but the seedling was discovered in 1888 by a young boy Estimated Chilling Requirement 300-400 hours below ... Pollenized by Shinko, Chojuro, Bartlett or 20th Century. blooms in spring, filling the air with fragrant white flowers. High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. While a majority of the tree has healthy leaves, the number of discolored ones is … Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. Also known as Nijisseiki, 20th Century pears are one of the most popular Japanese pear varieties in the world and are known for their crisp, juicy flavor. When you’re certain you have the perfect place for those saplings, place your order or bring them home and dig holes for the roots. Container trees are available at Nature Hills Nursery. Easily pollinated by planting ‘Hosui’ alongside it, ‘Chojuro’ requires 450 chill hours. Chinese miners and railroad workers planted seeds in California during the Gold Rush, and additional cultivars from Japan arrived with Japanese immigrants starting in the 1890s. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. Asian pears combine the flavor and sweetness of pears … When and How to Harvest Homegrown Potatoes, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming, How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily), 7 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Chard, How to Protect Sunflowers from Birds and Squirrels, How to Grow Raspberries: Enjoy Berries for Years to Come, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer. : Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist bucket until you decide to! 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